Between Conclict and Cooperation – Dilemmas in the Relations between Non-Governamental Organizations and the State in Brazil
Rogério de Souza Medeiros
Universidade Federal da Paraíba
This book addresses opportunities and obstacles to the formation of cooperative relations between non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the state in Brazil, in the context of economic and political changes during the last three decades. The emergence of these organizations during the final years of the 1964-1985 military dictatorship in Brazil imprinted a strong anti-state character on NGOs’ political-institutional identities. After 1985, with the democratization of the country, the NGOs’ field of activity underwent a process of profound transformation. First, international funders started a gradual withdrawal of support, causing the organizations to experience financial crises and forcing them to explore alternative resources. Second, newly elected national governments began to form partnerships with NGOs to deliver public services. The combination of changed circumstances caused the NGOs to experience “identity crises”. While exploring these and other contradictions found in the NGO-state relations in Brazil, this book also addresses issues that are relevant to recent debates about the relationship between civil society actors and the state in Latin America.
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